Oils

Standard tests for industrial oils – Bearing oils

Property
Kinematic viscosity
Viscosity index
Flash point
Pour point
Color, ISO
Appearance
Aniline point
Acid number
Resin content
Ash content
Density
Water content
Mechanical impurities content

Typical tests for industrial oils – Hydraulic oils and fluids

Property
Appearance
Density
Kinematic viscosity
Viscosity index
Dynamic viscosity
Flash point
Pour point
Color, ISO
Aniline point
Ash content
Foaming
Anti-corrosion properties
Corrosion on copper
Demulsifying characteristics
Water content
Mechanical impurities content

Typical tests for industrial oils – Turbine oils

Property
Appearance
Density
Kinematic viscosity
Viscosity index
Flash point
Pour point
Ash content
Acid number
Demulsifying number
Air arrestance
Anti-corrosion properties
Corrosion on copper
Water content
Mechanical impurities content

Typical tests for industrial oils – Compressor oils

Property
Appearance
Density
Kinematic viscosity
Viscosity index
Flash point
Pour point
Color, ISO
Acid number
Ash content
CCT
Water content
Mechanical impurities content

Typical tests for industrial oils – Transformer oils

Property
Kinematic viscosity
Viscosity index
Flash point
Pour point
Acid number
Ash content
CCT
Saponification value
Water content
Mechanical impurities content

Typical tests for industrial oils – Preservation oils

Property
Kinematic viscosity
Pour point
Flash point PM
Acid number
Mechanical impurities content

Tests of worn industrial oils

Property
Kinematic viscosity
Flash point
Appearance
Acid number
Water content
CCT
Insoluble compounds in pentane
Demulsifying characteristics
Corrosion on copper
IR spectrum
Ash content
Air arrestance
PCB (polychlorinated biphenyls) content

Typical tests for metal-working fluids – Cutting oils

Property
Kinematic viscosity
Flash point
Pour point
Aromatic hydrocarbon contents
Sulfur content
Density

Additional tests for oils

Property
Content of PCA
Simulated distillation
Group composition
Cp, Ca, Cn

Typical tests for metal-working fluids

  • Emulsifying fluids
  • Special cleaning mixtures
Property
Density
Flash point
pH of the emulsion

Tests of waste oils intended for the lubricating oils production through recovery in line with requirements of STN 65 6690

 
Property
Chlorine content
PCB (polychlorinated biphenyls) content
Water content

Tests of waste oils intended for reprocessing to fuel oils and for production of flux oils in line with requirements of STN 65 6690

 
Property
Chlorine content
PCB (polychlorinated biphenyls) content
Water content
Calorific value


Tests of fuel oils based on waste oils in line with requirements of STN 65 6691

Property
Density
Flash point
Distillation test
Kinematic viscosity
Pour point
CCT
Ash
Mechanical impurities
Water content
Sulfur content
Chlorine content
Calorific value

Tests of heating oils in accordance with the requirements of STN 65 7991

Property
Density
Distillation test
Viscosity
Fluidity point
Solidification point
Flare point
Sulfur content
Water content
Mechanical impurities
Carbon residue
Ash content
Water-soluble acids and bases
Heat value

Recommended supplementary test methods for oils

Property
Content of PCA
Simulated distillation
Group composition
Cp, Ca, Cn